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Bird Conservation Program

Grey-breasted Parakeet


The Grey-breasted Parakeet is endemic to the northeast of Brazil, and it has been recorded in the past over a large area in 4 or 5 Brazilian States. Presently, the species is restricted to only three small sites in the state of Ceará, Brazil.


Aquasis is recognized as the Species Guardian of the Grey-breasted Parakeet in BirdLife Preventing Extinctions programme.


Since 2006 the project team made several field excursions, interviews with local communities and searches in natural museums and publications. The searches included all sites with historical records and places of possible occurrence, but the species was found in only three mountainous sites: Baturité, Quixadá and Ibaretama (map below).


The worst situation is in Ibaretama, where only 5 individuals were recorded.


Green dots ---> presence of the species

Red dots ---> local extinction










AQUASIS has a Field Office in the Baturité Mountains (Ceará, Brazil) and a Visitors Center with an interactive exhibition that seeks to raise awareness among local communities and visitors about the importance of the conservation of the natural resources and the biodiversity of the Baturité Mountains for our livelihoods.

Adress: Joaquim Alves Nogueira street
Guaramiranga, Ceará, Brazil (in front of City Hall).
Opening hours:
Fridays: 2pm to 6pm
Saturdays and holidays: 9am to 6pm
Sundays: 9am to 12pm




Conservation Status


The Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus) is classified as Critically Endangered by the Red List of the International Conservation Union (IUCN, 2015)

The major threats to this species are:

Habitat loss - the species montane cloud forest habitats are being cut for leisure house developments and/or plantations.

Wildlife trafficking - the illegal practice of capturing, selling and mantaining wild birds in cages is very common in northeast of Brazil, and the Grey-breasted Parakeet is one of the target species for poachers in the Baturité Mountains.

Natural cavity losses - since they use natural tree cavities to sleep and nest, poachers cut them or even the whole tree to capture the chicks and adults during the night, reducing the number of cavities available for reproduction in the long term.

Plan of Action

 The Grey-breasted Parakeet Project team has actively participated in the consolidation of the National Action Plan for the Conservation of the Birds of the Caatinga (PAN Aves da Caatinga - Plano de Ação para Conservação das Aves da Caatinga), a document that lists priority actions and specific goals for several threatened birds of the Caatinga Biome, with emphasis on the Critically Endangered Grey-breasted Parakeet.


AAAAThe project team monitors the last three known remaining populations of the species, making regular visits to the occurance areas and raising awareness in the local comunities.
AAAAThe focus of the Grey-breasted Parakeet Project is in the Baturité Mountains where the largest wild population survives. The project installed 40 nest-boxes to increase the reproduction of the species and created several local partnerships to increase the survival chnces of the chicks.
AAAAThe maintenance of the forest is also crucial, therefore we advise landowners to create Private Reserves, supporting them throughout the whole process, from assessments to land delimitation.
AAAAThe Project also develops a permanent Awareness and Pride Campaign in schools, with video exhibitions, production and free distribution of educational materials and with locals and tourist through our Visitors Center.
The results have been promising, local communities and landowners have been actively supporting the nestbox project, and the number of parakeets produced every year has been increasing steadily every year.
AAAABut there is still much work ahead, as there are also another 17 endangered species in the Baturité Mountains, and the threats continue to increase. Deforestation endangers not only the species but also the benefits of the ecosystem services that the cloud forests provide, such as the maintenance of a local mild microclimate, higher humidity, availability of surface water.
AAAAIn order to increase local stakeholder participation, we have been promoting the Grey-breasted Parakeet as a symbol for the conservation of the natural resources in the Baturité Mountains.
Follow the project actions at:

Projects in Progress

--> Installing and monitoring nest-boxes in the Baturité Mountain.


--> Banding, collecting genetic samples and monitoring chicks born in nest boxes and natural cavities.


--> Installing cameras to monitore the nests


Watch now the LIVECAM:



Other projects:

--> Mapping and monitoring natural cavities.

--> Researching the habits and diet of the Grey-breasted Parakeet populations in Quixadá and Ibaretama.

--> Awareness campaigns with local communities and other stakeholders.

--> Production, printing and free distribution of environmental education materials to teachers, students and visitors.




Conservation Units


 The species is found in two State Protected Areas:

- Área de Preservação Ambiental Serra de Baturité (APA).
- Monumento Natural Monólitos de Quixadá (MONAT).


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Olmos, F.; Silva, W.A.G.; Albano, C. (2005) Grey-breasted Conure Pyrrhura griseipectus, an overlooked endangered species. Cotinga.


Ribas, C.C.; Joseph, L.; Miyaki, C.Y. (2006). Molecular Systematics and patterns of diversification in Pyrrhura (PSITTACIDAE), with special reference to the picta-leucotis complex. 


Albano, C.; Girão, W. (2008) Aves das matas úmidas das serras de Aratanha, Baturité e Maranguape, Ceará. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia.


Girão, W.; Albano, C.; Campos, A.A. (2010) Inselbergs as habitat to the Critically Endangered Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus), an endangered species from northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia.